Virtual School Meanderings

September 20, 2019

Article Notice: A Systematic Approach To Improving E-Learning Implementations In High Schools

This isn’t a new article, but I only came across it late this past week (so I guess it was new to me).

TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology – July 2014, volume 13 issue 3


Bens Pardamean and Teddy Suparyanto Graduate Program of Information Technology, Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia

ABSTRACT This study was based on the current growing trend of implementing e-learning in high schools. Most endeavors have been inefficient, rendering an objective of determining the initial steps that could be taken to improve these efforts by assessing a student population’s computer skill levels and performances in an IT course. Demographic factors were also taken into account while formulating these recommendations. Basic computer skill levels were measured through the administration of the Technical Survival Skill Test (TSST) questionnaire, developed by the University of Toronto. Academic performances were evaluated through several assignments designed by the IT course instructors. The main result of this study indicated that computer skill levels did have a direct correlation with a student’s academic performance level. The database was further parsed based on demographical factors, resulting in a set of recommendations to enhance the effectiveness of e-learning.

Keywords: learning management system, LMS, technical survival skill test, TSST

Neo-Segregation: Communities That Divorce Their School Districts

An item from the National Education Policy Center.

Neo-Segregation: Communities That Divorce Their School Districts

Thursday, September 19, 2019


Neo-Segregation: Communities That Divorce Their School Districts


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In 2014, six suburban towns seceded from Shelby County Schools, the school district that includes the city of Memphis, Tennessee.

One year later, the rapidly growing, semirural suburb of Pike Road seceded from Alabama’s Montgomery Public Schools, building separation from the city that Martin Luther King, Jr. began calling home in 1954.

Meanwhile, in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, three secessions occurred between 2000 and 2010, and a fourth is pending.

The secessions are part of a trend of neo-segregation in which predominantly White and relatively affluent areas divorce themselves from school districts that are majority-minority and have greater poverty. In total, 47 occurred between 2000 and 2017 in 13 counties, seven of which are located in the South.

In a study published this month in the peer-reviewed journal AERA Open, Kendra Taylor of Sanametrix, and National Education Policy Center Fellows Erica Frankenberg (Pennsylvania State University) and Genevieve Siegel-Hawley (Virginia Commonwealth University) examine how the secessions affected racial segregation in these seven counties.

They find that, on average, the secessions increased the proportion of racial segregation attributed to school district boundaries (as opposed to segregation between schools). For instance, in 2000, an average of 60 percent of Black-White segregation was attributable to school district boundaries. By 2015, this figure had grown to 70 percent.

During that same period, the school districts themselves grew less diverse than the counties in which they were located. This is notable in part because earlier desegregation efforts in the South had greatly benefitted from its large, countywide school districts. In contrast, desegregation efforts in the North—where district boundaries usually stopped at the city line and where designers of sprawl created White suburban enclaves—faced daunting legal barriers because court orders generally could not cross district lines.

In their new study, Taylor, Frankenberg and Siegel-Hawley also find that systems in which secessions occur enroll smaller shares of White students (33 percent) than does the average school district in the South (43 percent). The separations led to increasing rates of residential segregation in the counties with the most extensive patterns of secession.

Nationwide, more than 120 communities have attempted to secede from their school districts since 2000, as found in a 2017 report by the nonprofit EdBuild.

“If this trend continues, students of color increasingly will be sorted into schools with fewer resources, segregation will become more ingrained, and all students will have fewer opportunities to experience the educational benefits of a diverse learning environment,” Frankenberg told CBS News.

This newsletter is made possible in part by support provided by the Great Lakes Center for Education Research and Practice:

The National Education Policy Center (NEPC), a university research center housed at the University of Colorado Boulder School of Education, produces and disseminates high-quality, peer-reviewed research to inform education policy discussions. Visit us at:

Copyright 2019 National Education Policy Center. All rights reserved.

“Voracious Appetite Of Online Teaching: Examining Labour Issues Related To K-12…”

Another item from one of my open scholarship networks.

Dear Michael,

Related to “Barbour, M. K., Siko, J. P., Beadle, M., & Bitgood, G. (2019). Schism or…“:

Voracious Appetite of Online Teaching: Examining Labour Issues Related to K-12 Online Learning.
 David Adelstein
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Join SITE 2020 in New Orleans!

A reminder that the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education is the only academic organization that has a special interest group for K-12 online learning.

Call For Proposals: November 8, 2019
SITE 2020 in New Orleans is the 31st annual conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education. SITE is for anyone interested in the creation and dissemination of knowledge about the use of information technology in teacher education and faculty/staff development.
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Michael, People Are Reading Your Work

An item from one of my open scholarship networks.

Michael K. Barbour
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The actual report read:

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Social Constructivist E-Learning: A Case Study
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K–12 Online Distance Education: Issues and Frameworks
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Virtual schools in the U.S.: Case studies of policy, performance, and research evidence
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