Virtual School Meanderings

March 18, 2019

Article Notice: Cases of Quality: Case Studies Of The Approval And Evaluation Of K-12 Online And Blended Providers

Note that I am one of the authors of this article.

Cases of Quality: Case Studies of the Approval and Evaluation of K-12 Online and Blended Providers

Michael K. Barbour
Touro University California

Tom Clark
Clark Consulting

Jason Siko
Madonna University

Kristen DeBruler
Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute

Justin Bruno
Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute


State-level departments of education vary in their mechanisms for monitoring online courses and programs. This study reviewed various state models for initial and ongoing evaluation of online courses. Five constructs were identified through this review, and examples from Georgia, Maryland, California, Washington, and Colorado were detailed. The report concludes with potential models and key guidelines for states to consider when developing policy to ensure quality online education for K-12 students.


Barbour, M. K., Clark, T., Siko, J. P., DeBruler, K., & Bruno, J. A. (2019). Evaluation and approval constructs for online and blended courses and providers: Examining individual cases. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 22(1). Retrieved from

February 14, 2019

Article Notice – Students Awareness And Utilization Of Educational Broadcasts To Learn In Ogbomoso, Oyo State

Again, I was reviewing the last year of issues for the Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education and I came across a couple of K-12 focused articles that I wanted to pass along.  The second…

Students Awareness and Utilization of Educational Broadcasts to Learn in Ogbomoso, Oyo State.

Charles Olubode OLUMORIN
Musiliu Adekola ADEROJU
Amos Ochayi ONOJAH

Radio and Television are broadcast media meant to disseminate audio and video signal, messages, information or programs to wide range of audience. Radio and television are already playing a role in educating the populace non-formally through various educational channels and programs, but there is significant potential to capitalize on their ability to enhance development and learning curriculum content among secondary school students. This study: 1) Find out the awareness of educational radio and television programs by secondary school students in Ogbomoso 2) Investigate secondary school students access to educational radio and television programs in Ogbomoso and 3) Investigate problems militating against students’ use of educational radio and television programs for learning. Questionnaire was used as instrument to elicit responses from 100 secondary school students on their awareness-on and access to seven educational radio and television programs. The findings revealed that the students were not aware of the educational radio and television programs even though they have access to it. The study recommends that teachers in secondary schools should include educational broadcasts as forms of stimulus variation that they could apply to their classes and educational programs producers on both radio and television should create enough awareness about the programs to enable students follow the programs at appropriate time.

KEYWORDS: Educational radio and television programs, Multichoice (DSTV), Startimes, educational broadcasts.

DOI : 10.17718/tojde.445122

Article Notice – Online Learning And High School Students: A Cultural Perspective

I was reviewing the last year of issues for the Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education and I came across a couple of K-12 focused articles that I wanted to pass along.  The first…

Online Learning and High School Students: A Cultural Perspective

Yafes CAN

The purpose of this study is to investigate the insights of high school students regarding their online learning experiences in the margin of cultural considerations. The study was designed in a qualitative pattern. The data were collected through a questionnaire including eight open ended questions along with demographics. A total of 30 high school students enrolled in an online learning environment participated in this study. The findings revealed that the majority of the students benefited from online discussion activities, as well as posed numerous suggestions. They found it safe to express their opinions due to the feeling of peer and teacher presence. Students reported that one of the primary boundaries was the lack of self-confidence to share and the visibility of their postings by the others. When compared to in-classroom discussion activities, online discussions were found to be more flexible for sharing ideas freely without any pressure. Implications were discussed for further research.

KEYWORDS: Online learning, high school students, culture, qualitative study.

DOI : 10.17718/tojde.471909

October 30, 2018

ETS TOC Alert: Journal of Educational Technology & Society 2018, Vol. 21, No. 4

No K-12 distance, online, and/or blended learning items in this issue.

Journal of Educational Technology & Society TOC Alert

Dear Subscriber,

The latest issue of “Journal of Educational Technology & Society” is now available on the ETS Journal Web Site.

Full Length Articles
Comparison of Animation and Static-picture based Instruction: Effects on Performance and Cognitive Load for Learning Genetics
Chi Yang, Chun-Hui Jen, Chun-Yen Chang and Ting-Kuang Yeh
Effects of Multimodal Learning Analytics with Concept Maps on College Students’ Vocabulary and Reading Performance
Shih-Ping Wang and Yih-Lan Chen
Developing a Multidimensional Framework for Analyzing Student Comments in Wikis
Xiao Hu, Christy Weng-Lam Cheong and Samuel Kai-Wah Chu
Strengthening Social Networks in Online Discussion Forums to Facilitate Help Seeking for Solving Problems
Po-Yao Chao, K. Robert Lai, Chen-Chung Liu and Hung-Ming Lin
Analysing Group Dynamics of a Digital Game-based Adventure Education Course
Chang-Hsin Lin and Ju-Ling Shih
Social Networking Sites as Formal Learning Environments in Business Education
Abida Ellahi
Factors Related to ICT Competencies for Students with Learning Disabilities
Ting-Fang Wu, Cheng-Ming Chen, Hui-Shan Lo, Yao-Ming Yeh and Ming-Chung Chen
Mediating Effects of Individuals’ Ability Levels on the Relationship of Reflective-Impulsive Cognitive Style and Item Response Time in CAT
         Chao Wang and Hong Lu
Increasing Information Reposting Behavior in Online Learning Community
         Omid R. B. Speily and Ahmad A. Kardan
Guest Editorial                                                                                                             
Authentic Edutainment with Advanced Technologies
Rustam Shadiev, Wu-Yuin Hwang, George Ghinea and Maiga Chang
Special Issue Articles                                                                                                   
Development of a SoLoMo Game-Based Application for Supporting Local Cultural Learning in Taiwan
Yen-Ting Lin, Yu-Ming Tseng, Yi-Sheng Lee, Tz-Chi Wang, Shu-I Tsai and Yun-Jhih Yi
User-Oriented EFL Speaking through Application and Exercise: Instant Speech Translation and Shadowing in Authentic Context
         Thi-Huyen Nguyen, Wu-Yuin Hwang, Xuan-Lam Pham and Zhao-Heng Ma
Application and Analysis of a Mobile E-Book System Based on Project-Based Learning in Community Health Nursing Practice Courses
         Ting-Ting Wu, Yueh-Min Huang, Chen-Ying Su, Lei Chang and Yi Chen Lu
Enhanced Agility of E-Learning Adoption in High Schools
         Gebremariam Mesfin, Gheorghita Ghinea, Tor-Morten Grønli and Wu-Yuin Hwang
Educational Games to Enhance Museum Visits for Schools 
         Benoît Bossavit, Alfredo Pina, Isabel Sanchez-Gil and Aitziber Urtasun
Using Exaggerated Feedback in a Virtual Reality Environment to Enhance Behavior Intention of Water-Conservation
         Wei-Che Hsu, Ching-Mei Tseng and Shih-Chung Kang
Gender-Related Differences in Collaborative Learning in a 3D Virtual Reality Environment by Elementary School Students
         Yi-Lien Yeh, Yu-Ju Lan and Yen-Ting R. Lin
A Study of the Use of Wearable Devices for Healthy and Enjoyable English as a Foreign Language Learning in Authentic Contexts 
         Rustam Shadiev, Wu-Yuin Hwang and Tzu-Yu Liu
Investigating Flipped Classroom and Problem-based Learning in a Programming Module for Computing Conversion Course
Adriana Elena Chis, Arghir-Nicolae Moldovan, Lisa Murphy, Pramod Pathak and Cristina Hava Muntean
iAbstract: Game-driven Keyword Auction and Summarization for Academic Reading 
         Hercy N. H. Cheng, Calvin C. Y. Liao and Wan-Chen Chang
Pedagogical Change in Mathematics Learning: Harnessing the Power of Digital Game-Based Learning 
Siew Pei Hwa
Gamifying and Mobilising Social Enquiry-based Learning in Authentic Outdoor Environments
         Morris Siu-Yung Jong, To Chan, Ming-Tak Hue and Vincent W. L. Tam
You will automatically be emailed the Table of Contents whenever a new journal issue is placed in the ETS Journal WebSite.

Editorial Assistant, Journal of Educational Technology and Society.
ET&S website:

April 11, 2018

ETS TOC Alert: Journal Of Educational Technology & Society 2018, Vol. 21, No. 2

No K-12 distance, online, or blended learning items in this issue.

Journal of Educational Technology & Society TOC Alert

Dear Subscriber,

The latest issue of “Journal of Educational Technology & Society” is now available on the ETS Journal Web Site.

2018, Vol. 21, Issue 2

Special Issue on ” Digital Citizenship: Trends and Research Issues of Learning Analytics and Educational Big Data”

Guest Editor(s): Gwo-Jen Hwang, Daniel Spikol and Kam-Cheong Li

Full Length Articles

Multilingual Videos for MOOCs and OER

Juan Daniel Valor Miró, Pau Baquero-Arnal, Jorge Civera, Carlos Turró, Alfons Juan

A Structural Model for Students’ Adoption of Learning Management Systems: An Empirical Investigation in the Higher Education Context

Duygu Fındık-Coşkunçay, Nurcan Alkış, Sevgi Özkan-Yıldırım

Instructional Suggestions Supporting Science Learning in Digital Environments Based on a Review of Eye Tracking Studies

Fang-Ying Yang, Meng-Jung Tsai, Guo-Li Chiou, Silvia Wen-Yu Lee, Cheng-Chieh Chang, Li-Ling Chen

High School Students’ Views on the PBL Activities Supported via Flipped Classroom and LEGO Practices

Baris Cukurbas, Mubin Kiyici

Evolving Learning Paradigms: Re-Setting Baselines and Collection Methods of Information and Communication Technology in Education Statistics

David Gibson, Tania Broadley, Jill Downie, Peter Wallet

Are Games Effective Learning Tools? A Review of Educational Games

Sara de Freitas

Teaching Classical Mechanics Concepts using Visuo-haptic Simulators

Luis Neri, Julieta Noguez, Victor Robledo-Rella, David Escobar-Castillejos, Andres Gonzalez-Nucamendi

The Effects of Representation Tool (Visible-Annotation) Types to Support Knowledge Building in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning

Yoonhee Shin, Dongsik Kim, Jaewon Jung

Modelling and Simulating Electronics Knowledge: Conceptual Understanding and Learning through Active Agency

Adrian Twissell

Representations of Animal Companions on Student Learning Perception: Static, Animated and Tangible

Zhi-Hong Chen, Sheng-Chun Wang


Digital Citizenship: Trends and Research Issues of Learning Analytics and Educational Big Data

Special Issue Articles

Learning Behavior Analysis of a Ubiquitous Situated Reflective Learning System with Application to Life Science and Technology Teaching

Wu-Yuin Hwang, Hong-Ren Chen, Nian-Shing Chen, Li-Kai Lin, Jin-Wen Chen

Learning Analytics for Supporting Seamless Language Learning using E-book with Ubiquitous Learning System

Kousuke Mouri, Noriko Uosaki, Hiroaki Ogata

How Competition in a Game-based Science Learning Environment Influences Students’ Learning Achievement, Flow Experience, and Learning Behavioral Patterns

Ching-Huei Chen, Jun-Han Liu, Wen-Chuan Shou

A Votable Concept Mapping Approach to Promoting Students’ Attentional Behavior: An Analysis of Sequential Behavioral Patterns and Brainwave Data

Jerry Chih-Yuan Sun, Gwo-Jen Hwang, Yu-Yan Lin, Shih-Jou Yu, Liu-Cheng Pan, Ariel Yu-Zhen Chen

Using a Learner-Topic Model for Mining Learner Interests in Open Learning Environments

Pengfei Wu, Shengquan Yu, Dan Wang

A Learning Analytics Approach to Investigating Factors Affecting EFL Students’ Oral Performance in a Flipped Classroom

Chi-Jen Lin, Gwo-Jen Hwang

Applying Learning Analytics for the Early Prediction of Students’ Academic Performance in Blended Learning

Owen H.T. Lu, Anna Y.Q. Huang, Jeff C. H. Huang, Albert J. Q. Lin, Hiroaki Ogata, Stephen J. H. Yang

Personalized Word-Learning based on Technique Feature Analysis and Learning Analytics

Di Zou, Haoran Xie

What Learning Analytics Tells Us: Group Behavior Analysis and Individual Learning Diagnosis based on Long-Term and Large-Scale Data

Jia-Hua Zhang, Ye-Xing Zhang, Qin Zou, Sen Huang

A Comparison between Two Automatic Assessment Approaches for Programming: An Empirical Study on MOOCs

Anis Bey, Patrick Jermann, Pierre Dillenbourg

Learning Analytics at Low Cost: At-risk Student Prediction with Clicker Data and Systematic Proactive Interventions

Samuel P. M. Choi, S.S. Lam, Kam Cheong Li, Billy T.M. Wong

A Peer Coaching-based Professional Development Approach to Improving the Learning Participation and Learning Design Skills of In-Service Teachers

Ning Ma, Shuang Xin, Jia-Yuan Du

Peer Assessment of Webpage Design: Behavioral Sequential Analysis Based on Eye Tracking Evidence

Ting-Chia Hsu, Shao-Chen Chang, Nan-Cen, Liu

Effects of a Progressive Prompting-based Educational Game on Second Graders’ Mathematics Learning Performance and Behavioral Patterns

Kai-Hsiang Yang, Hui-Chun Chu, Li-Yu Chiang

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