Virtual School Meanderings

September 16, 2020

Article Notice – A Systematic Review Of Research On Online Teaching And Learning From 2009 To 2018

This article is not specifically K-12 focused, but does include some K-12 literature (although it is important to note that it specifically stated only 53 of the 619 articles were K-12 focused).

Computers & Education

Volume 159, December 2020, 104009

A systematic review of research on online teaching and learning from 2009 to 2018


Twelve online learning research themes were identified in 2009–2018.
A framework with learner, course and instructor, and organizational levels was used.
Online learner characteristics and engagement were the mostly examined themes.
The majority of the studies used quantitative research methods and in higher education.
There is a need for more research on organization level topics.


Systematic reviews were conducted in the nineties and early 2000’s on online learning research. However, there is no review examining the broader aspect of research themes in online learning in the last decade. This systematic review addresses this gap by examining 619 research articles on online learning published in twelve journals in the last decade. These studies were examined for publication trends and patterns, research themes, research methods, and research settings and compared with the research themes from the previous decades. While there has been a slight decrease in the number of studies on online learning in 2015 and 2016, it has then continued to increase in 2017 and 2018. The majority of the studies were quantitative in nature and were examined in higher education. Online learning research was categorized into twelve themes and a framework across learner, course and instructor, and organizational levels was developed. Online learner characteristics and online engagement were examined in a high number of studies and were consistent with three of the prior systematic reviews. However, there is still a need for more research on organization level topics such as leadership, policy, and management and access, culture, equity, inclusion, and ethics and also on online instructor characteristics.


Distance education
online teaching and learning
Systematic Review
Online Learning Research
Research Themes

July 29, 2010

Article Notice – Revisiting Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: Exploring The TPACK Framework

I saw notice of this in my RSS reader through “journals” via Doug Holton in Google Reader.

Revisiting Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: Exploring the TPACK Framework

Leanna Matchett Archambault and Joshua H. Barnett
Arizona State University, College of Teacher Education and Leadership, PO Box 37100, Mail Code 3151, Phoenix, AZ 85069

Computers & Education
Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript

Received 16 November 2009;
revised 18 July 2010;
accepted 19 July 2010.
Available online 27 July 2010.

Abstract: This study examines the nature of technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) through the use of a factor analysis. Using a survey with 24 items designed to measure each of the areas described by the TPACK framework, and measuring the responses of 596 online teachers from across the United States, data suggest that while the framework is helpful from an organizational standpoint, it is difficult to separate out each of the domains, calling into question their existence in practice. Three major factors become evident, but rather than being comprised of pedagogy, content, and technology, the only clear domain that distinguishes itself is that of technology. This research examines the validity of the TPACK model and suggests that measuring each of these domains is complicated and convoluted, potentially due to the notion that they are not separate.

Keywords: Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge; TPACK; technology framework; online learning; factor analysis

July 18, 2009

More International K-12 Online Learning Articles

03601315_00530003_cov150hFirst of all, for those of you in higher education that have an interest in educational technology, educational psychology, cognitive science, or teacher education – really education in general – you should make sure that Educational Research Journals is in your RSS reader.  As this blogger simply posts the table of contents of dozens, maybe hundreds of different journals as he finds/receives them.

Anyway, following up on yesterday’s Some Virtual School Articles entry, one of the table of contents that he posted yesterday was ScienceDirect Alert: Computers & Education, Vol. 53, Iss. 3, 2009.  Some of you may remember that one of my dissertation co-chairs and I published an article with Computers and Education earlier this year.

Barbour, M. K., & Reeves, T. C. (2009). The reality of virtual schools: A review of the literature. Computers and Education, 52(2), 402-416.

Anyway, in the most recent issue of Computers and Education they have continued their K-12 online learning focus:

Finnish high school students’ readiness to adopt online learning: Questioning the assumptions
Pages 742-748
Teemu Valtonen, Jari Kukkonen, Patrick Dillon, Pertti Väisänen

‘Evaluating a music e-learning resource: The participants’ perspective’
Pages 541-549
Frederick Seddon, Michele Biasutti

I’m not positive the second one is about K-12, as my university’s online database is one issue behind the current one, but it looks promising.  If someone has access to these let us know how they are, or if someone reminds me in about three months I’ll take a look then.

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