Virtual School Meanderings

December 22, 2020

State of the Nation Special Report – Understanding Pandemic Pedagogy: Differences Between Emergency Remote, Remote, and Online Teaching

Yesterday we noticed this entry on the State of the Nation: K-12 e-Learning in Canada project website… Announcing Special Report – Understanding Pandemic Pedagogy: Differences Between Emergency Remote, Remote, and Online Teaching.

In the spring of 2020, the term ‘emergency remote teaching’ began to emerge to describe what was occurring in education at all levels, despite the more commonly used term “online learning” dominating media descriptions of the instruction offered to students forced to remain at home. Hodges et al. (2020) described emergency remote teaching as an attempt not “to re-create a robust educational ecosystem but rather to provide temporary access to instruction and instructional supports in a manner that is quick to set up and is reliably available during an emergency or crisis” (¶ 13).

As the new school year began, most education jurisdictions across Canada offered some combination of face-to-face, hybrid, and/or online instruction for students, including pre-existing online learning programs. Yet both designed and established online learning programs and the remote teaching offered by classroom teachers were still described by many as “online learning”, ignoring the clear differences between both instructional methods.

This report is a collection of revised works from other scholars, primarily focused on the higher education context, adapted for the K-12 sector. These works include a recent article that was published in EDUCAUSE Review entitled “The Difference Between Emergency Remote Teaching and Online Learning” (Hodges et al., 2020); as well as a number of blog entries from PhilOnEdTech blog (Hill, 2020; Kelly, 2020a, 2020b; Moore & Hill, 2020). Throughout the report, we have attempted to identify each of the sections that relied upon these sources.

Soon the COVID-19 threat will diminish, yet when it does we should not simply abandon remote teaching and return to our prior classroom-only practices without ensuring that we preserve the lessons of 2020 for future public health and safety issues. For example, in recent years school campuses have been closed due to natural disasters such as wildfires, hurricanes, earthquakes, and the polar vortex (Baytiyeh, 2018; Mackey et al., 2012; Samson, 2020; Watkins, 2005). As such, the possible need for remote teaching – in both emergency situations and more planned contexts – must become part of a teacher’s skill set.

This report argues the importance of avoiding equating emergency remote teaching with online learning. It is clear from most schools and teacher’s experience with emergency remote teaching that much more planning and deliberate attention be provided to teacher preparation, infrastructure, education policy, and resources to be able to maintain quality instructional continuity during a crisis. This report offers recommendations for how schools can be better prepared for future crises that incorporate both home-based and school-based learning opportunities mediated through online learning environments. While it is clear that schools remain a good place for children to be supported in their emotional growth and learning, with proper planning and good communication, homes and communities outside of school walls can be as well.

The report can be accessed at:

https://k12sotn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/understanding-pandemic-pedagogy.pdf

References

Baytiyeh, H. (2018). Online learning during post-earthquake school closures. Disaster Prevention and Management, 27(2), 215-227.

Hill, P. (2020, March 31). Revised outlook for higher ed’s online response to COVID-19. PhilOnEdTechhttps://philonedtech.com/revised-outlook-for-higher-eds-online-response-to-covid-19/

Hodges, C., Moore, S., Lockee, B., Trust, T., & Bond, A. (2020). The difference between emergency remote teaching and online learning. EDUCAUSE Review, 3https://er.educause.edu/articles/2020/3/the-difference-between-emergency-remote-teaching-and-online-learning

Kelly, K. (2020a, April 9). Traversing the edge of chaos: Phase 1 and 2 preparations for post COVID-19 world. PhilOnEdTechhttps://philonedtech.com/traversing-the-edge-of-chaos-phase-1-and-2-preparations-for-post-covid-19-world/

Kelly, K. (2020b, April 10). Traversing the edge of chaos: Phase 3 and 4 preparations for post COVID-19 world. PhilOnEdTech. https://philonedtech.com/traversing-the-edge-of-chaos-phase-3-and-4-preparations-for-post-covid-19-world/

Mackey, J., Gilmore, F., Dabner, N., Breeze, D., & Buckley, P. (2012). Blended learning for academic resilience in times of disaster or crisis. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 8(2), 122-135. https://jolt.merlot.org/vol8no2/mackey_0612.pdf

Moore, S., & Hill, P. (2020, April 28). Planning for resilience, not resistance. PhilOnEdTechhttps://philonedtech.com/planning-for-resilience-not-resistance/

Samson, P. (2020). The coronavirus and class broadcasts. EDUCAUSE Review, 3https://er.educause.edu/blogs/2020/3/the-coronavirus-and-class-broadcasts

Watkins, R. (2005). Distance education’s role in university disaster planning. Distance Learning, 2(6), 31-33.

Leave a Comment »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Blog at WordPress.com.

%d bloggers like this: