Virtual School Meanderings

April 14, 2017

Article Notice: Interactions And Learning Outcomes In Online Language Courses

This came across my electronic desk in the past few days.

Interactions and learning outcomes in online language courses


  • Chin-Hsi Lin,

  • Binbin Zheng,

  • Yining Zhang

  • First published: 29 April 2016
  • DOI: 10.1111/bjet.12457
  • Cited by (CrossRef): 1 article
British Journal of Educational Technology

Volume 48, Issue 3
May 2017
Pages 730–748


Interactions are the central emphasis in language learning. An increasing number of K-12 students take courses online, leading some critics to comment that reduced opportunities for interaction may affect learning outcomes. This study examined the relationship between online interactions and learning outcomes for 466 students who were taking high-school level online language courses in a Midwestern virtual school. Regression analysis was employed to examine how three broad types of interactions, learner-instructor, learner-learner and learner-content (Moore, 1989), affected students’ perceived progress and satisfaction. After controlling for demographic information, motivation and learning strategies, the results of multiple regression showed that learner-instructor and learner-content interactions had significantly positive effects on satisfaction, whereas learner-learner interaction did not affect satisfaction. Learner-content interaction was the only factor that affected perceived progress.

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