Virtual School Meanderings

July 29, 2014

EDTECH537 – Discussion Question Entry: Should Corporations Run Publicly Funded Online Schools?

A while ago, this scrolled across my electronic desk and I thought that it would make good fodder for my second entry – topic of my choosing – for Week 8 of my EDTECH537 – Blogging In The Classroom course.

Laura DevaneyIn today’s news: Should education be run like a business? A new report is generating a heated debate on the topic. Plus, how to help your teachers ease into social media use; and a district’s decision to monitor students’ social media activity raises eyebrows.Leave your thoughts on any or all of these stories online, eMail me at, or find me on Twitter @eSN_Laura.

Laura Devaney, Managing Editor
Tweet me @eSN_Laura

Top News of the Day

Should businesses run schools?

It’s a question that has come up recently thanks to a national movement towards school reform: “Should schools be run like a business?” According to a new guide released by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce [ Read More ]

Given that this will be my last official EDTECH537 post for the Summer 2014 term, I wanted to ask folks a version of this question…

Should corporations directly manage publicly-funded online schools?


July 28, 2014

EDTECH537 – List Entry: History Of K-12 Online Learning Programs

A while ago, an online Advanced Placement teacher who was in attendance for the Virtual Advanced Placement Conference that was held last month at Binghamton University contacted me to ask me about the history of K-12 online learning programs in the United States, and specifically if there was a listing of the programs and when they first began.  To the best of my knowledge, there isn’t a comprehensive list and I sent him some sources to get him started.  Having said that, the idea has been in my head since, so I began to pick and poke at creating my own such list based on what I know on the topic.  And since I’ve got as much done on it as I figure I’ll get done, I thought that it would make good fodder for my first entry – topic of my choosing – for Week 8 of my EDTECH537 – Blogging In The Classroom course.  So here is the list and the specific references that I have for them.

Private Online Schools

Full-Time, Public Online Schools

Supplemental Online Schools

For-Profit Content Provider


Laurel Springs School (Barbour, 2011)


Choice 2000 (Darrow, 2010)

Utah Electronic High School (Clark, 2003)


Christa McAuliffe Academy (Clark, 2001)


Apex Learning (Clark, 2001)

Basehor-Linwood Virtual Charter School – Kansas (Clark, 2000, Clark, 2001)

Florida Virtual School (Friend & Johnston, 2005)

Virtual High School Global Consortium (Pape, Adams, & Ribeiro, 2005)


Alabama Online High School (Clark, 2001) (Clark, 2000)

University of California UC College Prep Initiative (Clark, 2001; Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

University of Nebraska Independent Study High School Online Diploma Program (Clark, 2000)


Arkansas Virtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Hawaii E-School (Clark, 2001)

Kentucky Virtual High School (Clark, 2000)

Louisiana Virtual Classroom (Clark, 2001)

North Dakota Division of Independent Study (Clark, 2001)

West Virginia Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Pre-2000 (first referenced in a 2000 publication, but could have began operating earlier)

Babbage Net School (Clark, 2000)

Internet Academy – Federal Way, Washington Public Schools (Clark, 2000)

Mindquest – Bloomington, Minnesota Public Schools (Clark, 2000)

ZipStar Academy (Clark, 2000)


Hawaii E-Charter (Clark, 2001)

Idaho Virtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Illinois Virtual High School (Clark, 2000)

Pennsylvania Virtual Charter School (Clark, 2001; Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Michigan Virtual High School (Clark, 2000)

New Mexico Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Wisconsin Virtual School (Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Pre-2001 (first referenced in a 2001 publication, but could have began operating earlier)

Abbington Hill School (Clark, 2001)

Academic Systems (Clark, 2001)

Alpha-Omega Academy On (Clark, 2001)

Birdville Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Brigham Young University Independent Study (Clark, 2001)

CAL Online – Clovis Unified Schools, CA (Clark, 2001)

ChildU – Weston, FL (Clark, 2001)

Clintondale Virtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Clonlara Compuhigh (Clark, 2001)

Compuhigh Online High School (Clark, 2001)

Cumberland County Schools Web Academy (Clark, 2001)

Cyberschool – Lane County Schools, Eugene, OR (Clark, 2001)

Delta Cyber School (Clark, 2001)

Dennison On-Line Internet School (Clark, 2001)

Duncanville Independent School District’s Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

eBranch – Spring Branch Independent School District (Clark, 2001)

eEducation (Clark, 2001)

eSchool – Plano Independent School District (Clark, 2001)

Eldorado Academy (Clark, 2001)

Electronic Charter School (Clark, 2001)

Electronic Classroom of Tomorrow (Clark, 2001)

Evergreen Internet Academy (Clark, 2001)

Francis Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Garden Schools – Branson, MO (Clark, 2001)

Gwinnett County Online Campus (Clark, 2001)

Houston Independent School District’s Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Indiana University High School (Clark, 2001)

Intelligent Education, Inc. (Clark, 2001)

International High School (Clark, 2001)

Internet Home School.Com – Prescott, AZ (Clark, 2001)

JeffcoNet Academy (Clark, 2001)

Juneau Cyber School (Clark, 2001)

KeystoneVirtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Lancaster-Lebanon Intermediate Unit 13 – Pennsylvania (Clark, 2001)

Monte Vista On-line Academy (Clark, 2001)

Minnesota Distance Learning Academy (Clark, 2001)

NCS Learn (Clark, 2001)

NetSchool – Hillsboro Schools, OR (Clark, 2001)

Northwest Cyberschool (Clark, 2001)

Oak Meadow Online School (Clark, 2001)

Oakland Virtual Connection (Clark, 2001)

Odyssey Charter School (Clark, 2001)

Oklahoma State University Extension, K12 Distance Learning Academy (Clark, 2001)

Regina Coeli Academy (Clark, 2001)

Rock Hill School District #3 Virtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Salem-Keizer Online (Clark, 2001)

Scholar Classical Tutorials (Clark, 2001)

Scholars’ Online Academy – Tucson, AZ (Clark, 2001)

SeeUonline – Matanuska-Susitna Schools, Palmer, AK (Clark, 2001)

Southern Oregon Online School (Clark, 2001)

Southwest Missouri State University eHighSchool (Clark, 2001)

Spring (Texas) Independent School District’s eBranch (Clark, 2001)

Stanford University, Education Program for Gifted Youth (Clark, 2001)

Sycamore Tree Online (Clark, 2001)

Texas Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

The Einstein Academy Charter School (Clark, 2001)

The Potter’s School (Clark, 2001)

The Trent Schools – Bloomington, IN (Clark, 2001)

University of Missouri-Columbia High School (Clark, 2001)

University of Texas High School (Clark, 2001)

Vilas Interactive Long Distance Alternative School

Virtual Greenbush – Kansas (Clark, 2001)

Virtual School @ Liverpool (Clark, 2001)

Virtual High School @ Prince William County Schools (Clark, 2001)

Western Pennsylvania Cyber Charter School (Clark, 2001)

Willoway Cybershool (Clark, 2001)

WISE Internet High School – Richard Milburn School (Clark, 2001)


Colorado Online Learning (Clark, 2001)

Idaho Digital Learning Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Maryland Virtual Learning Community (Clark, 2001)


Virtual Schools Pilot – Texas (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Pre-2004 (first referenced in a 2004 publication, but could have began operating earlier)

Connections Academy program (x2) – Colorado (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Connections Academy program – Wisconsin (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Florida Connections Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Florida Virtual Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Idaho Leadership Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Idaho Virtual Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Idaho Virtual High School (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

K12, Inc. program (x3) – California (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

K12, Inc program – Colorado (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

K12, Inc program – Wisconsin (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Large Unit District Association – Illinois (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Ohio Virtual Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

TRECA – Ohio (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Note that I stopped with 2004, as that takes us up to the first Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning publication.


Barbour, M. K. (2011a). The promise and the reality: Exploring virtual schooling in rural jurisdictions. Education in Rural Australia, 21(1), 1-20.

Clark, T. (2000). Virtual high schools: State of the states – A study of virtual high school planning and preparation in the United States. Center for the Application of InformationTechnologies, Western Illinois University. Retrieved from

Clark, T. (2001). Virtual schools: Trends and issues – A study of virtual schools in the United States. San Francisco, CA: Western Regional Educational Laboratories. Retrieved from

Darrow, Rob (2010). A comparative study between online charter high schools and traditional high schools in California. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, California State University, Fresno, CA.  Retrieved from

Watson, J. F., Winograd, K., & Kalmon, S. (2004). Keeping pace with K–12 online learning: A snapshot of state-level policy and practice. Naperville, IL: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory. Retrieved from

EDTECH537 – Week 8

Note that because I have been moving this past week, you’ll note that today and tomorrow some backdated entries will appear on the blog. My apologies for the delay on these items.

Today begins week eight or the final weeks of my EDTECH537 – Blogging In The Classroom course. The students this week have a couple of blogging activities and a couple of assignments that they have to complete by the end of the week (i.e., midnight on Sunday).

The readings for this week are:

  • Kirkup, G. (2010). Academic blogging: Academic practice and academic identity. London Review of Education, 8(1), 75-84.
  • Ewins, R. (2005). Who are you? Weblogs and academic identity. E-Learning, 2(4), 368-377.

On the blogging front, they simply have to post two entries, of any kind, on any topic that interests them. The first entry should be posted by the end of the day on Wednesday, 30 July and the second entry by the end of the day on Friday, 01 August.

There are also two assignments that are due this week. The first is a Blogging Plan for the next month. Essentially, I borrowed the activities from these three challenges:

For the second activity, they have will design an activity that uses blogs in your own classroom. I have left this assignment open-ended to allow for the variety of students and subject areas that may be taught by my BSU graduate students.

Finally, I have asked that they continue to use Twitter throughout the week, and to use the hashtag #EDTECH537 for all class related tweets.

Later this morning I will post one sample entry (a List Entry). Tomorrow morning I will post a second sample entry (probably a Commentary or Discussion Entry). Finally, on Wednesday morning I will post a sample entry of the Blogging Plan.

July 24, 2014

EDTECH537 – Poll Entry: When Did You First Hear About John Hattie?

Today begins Week 7 of my EDTECH537 – Blogging In The Classroom course, and I wanted to post a sample video entry (i.e., any entry that contains video) this morning.

In keeping with my John Hattie theme for the week (although the audio entry wasn’t focused on his work), I wanted to ask a question of my readers.  I first mentioned John Hattie on this blog in April 2010, but only mentioned him six times (and only had two entries specifically about him, he was just referenced in the other one).  Whereas I have mentioned him six times in the past two years, five of those were entries specifically about his work.  So I was curious…

July 23, 2014

EDTECH537 – Video Entry: John Hattie Video – Festival of Education in New Zealand

Today begins Week 7 of my EDTECH537 – Blogging In The Classroom course, and I wanted to post a sample video entry (i.e., any entry that contains video) this morning.

As many of you know, I’m a big fan of John Hattie – note the image entry this week came from his work.  So, for the video entry for this week is focusing upon a new presentation that he delivered back in his homeland (see background at John Hattie Video: Festival of Education in New Zealand).

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