Virtual School Meanderings

July 29, 2014

KEYNOTES ANNOUNCED: International Forum for Women in E-Learning (IFWE) 2014

From Thursday’s inbox…


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The United States Distance Learning Association’s
International Forum for Women in E-Learning (IFWE)
San Antonio, Texas

“IFWE Walk in Her Shoes!”
December 3, 2014December 5, 2014


Opening Keynote:

Katie Blot

President, Global Services Division



Closing Keynote:

Ana María López, MD, MPH, FACP

Medical Director

Arizona Telemedicine Program

IFWE is the International Forum for Women in E-learning presented by the United States Distance Learning Association (USDLA). Recognizing the role of women leaders in the field, USDLA is proud to present the 2014 IFWE Conference, which will be held December 3-5, 2014 in San Antonio, Texas at the Hotel Contessa on the Riverwalk.


As a forum, IFWE includes open discussions, a voicing of ideas, and a number of presentations involving conversations that include audience participation. It is designed to tap into the resources of the attendees as well as other experts in their profession.


IFWE is an opportunity to share ideas, learn about e-learning programs and products, discuss issues, and gain a better understanding of being a successful leader. It also provides attendees with a wonderful opportunity to establish new relationships and contacts, find a mentor or become a mentor, and visit with old friends involved in e-learning. The format of the event allows attendees to learn about relevant topics from many different points of view.


IFWE is a time for attendees to listen, think, talk, network, reflect, dream and learn.


Registration Opening Soon!



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EDTECH537 – Discussion Question Entry: Should Corporations Run Publicly Funded Online Schools?

A while ago, this scrolled across my electronic desk and I thought that it would make good fodder for my second entry – topic of my choosing – for Week 8 of my EDTECH537 – Blogging In The Classroom course.

Laura DevaneyIn today’s news: Should education be run like a business? A new report is generating a heated debate on the topic. Plus, how to help your teachers ease into social media use; and a district’s decision to monitor students’ social media activity raises eyebrows.Leave your thoughts on any or all of these stories online, eMail me at, or find me on Twitter @eSN_Laura.

Laura Devaney, Managing Editor
Tweet me @eSN_Laura

Top News of the Day

Should businesses run schools?

It’s a question that has come up recently thanks to a national movement towards school reform: “Should schools be run like a business?” According to a new guide released by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce [ Read More ]

Given that this will be my last official EDTECH537 post for the Summer 2014 term, I wanted to ask folks a version of this question…

Should corporations directly manage publicly-funded online schools?


July 28, 2014

Plugged In | 07.28.14 | (powered by iNACOL)

A final item from the neo-liberals on what is a slower blogging day as I get started again…

To view this email as a web page, go here.


Getting Smart
To create widespread access to next gen learning opportunities that result in high rates of employability it takes the 7 keys to smart cities: sustained leadership that promotes an innovation mindset, fosters aligned investment, produces collective impact through…
Press-Register | Mobile, AL

Representatives from the Mobile and Baldwin school districts met with the Alabama House Ways and Means education committee on July 23 to discuss technology funding needs. The meeting was an effort to gather ideas on how technology in the schools…

Next Generation Learning Challenges
How do you design a space for next gen learning? At Merit Prep in Newark, New Jersey, personalized learning means that students advance through material at their own pace and demonstrate mastery of standards in ways that reflect critical thinking and creativity…
“We’re all data analysts now,” has become a common refrain in the data analytics world as organizations increasingly rely on data to provide 360 degree views of their businesses and customers and to aid their decision-making. In many ways, this has been true all…
News Tribune | Tacoma, WA
High school dropouts in the Bethel School District will soon have a way to earn their diplomas without stepping foot in a public school. The Bethel Acceleration Academy will open Monday for former students and current students who are not on track to…
Is the relationship between Open Educational Resources (OER) advocates and traditional educational publishing companies like a playground dominated by bullies? Or more like two groups of kids, ignoring each other as much as possible as they play? If current…
Schuyler Sun | Schuyler, NE
Dorothy Schultz never got the chance to go to college. She grew up on a farm in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and a whimpering economy and poor market prices made the cost of higher education too heavy a burden for her family to bear. But the Wood River…
Deseret News | Salt Lake City, UT
In just one month, a recent BYU graduate has made a big splash – and a nice chunk of change – by developing an online course accessed by virtual students via a popular Internet learning platform. Rick Walter, 25, graduated in April with a degree in…
Daily Camera | Boulder, CO
A little more than three years ago, the Boulder Valley School District (BVSD) created two unique schools to support specific student needs. Boulder Universal is the online school that serves students in grades K-12; Boulder Explore provides enrichment programs…
2014 iNACOL Blended and Online Learning Symposium


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The Pulse Newsletter: Summer Edition

From this past Wednesday’s inbox…

Florida Virtual School
The Pulse. A newsletter for FLVS Parents and Students
The Pulse Newsletter: June and July
Dear Michael,
Your summer edition of The Pulse newsletter has arrived! Stay connected, meet several amazing students, and view the latest copy of Virge – our student magazine! You’ll also find helpful reminders to help make your FLVS experience even better:

Check out the June and July edition here!

The FLVS Team
Facebook Twitter YouTube Pinterest Google Plus FLVS Blog

Florida Virtual School | 2145 MetroCenter Blvd, Ste 200 | Orlando | FL | 32835

EDTECH537 – List Entry: History Of K-12 Online Learning Programs

A while ago, an online Advanced Placement teacher who was in attendance for the Virtual Advanced Placement Conference that was held last month at Binghamton University contacted me to ask me about the history of K-12 online learning programs in the United States, and specifically if there was a listing of the programs and when they first began.  To the best of my knowledge, there isn’t a comprehensive list and I sent him some sources to get him started.  Having said that, the idea has been in my head since, so I began to pick and poke at creating my own such list based on what I know on the topic.  And since I’ve got as much done on it as I figure I’ll get done, I thought that it would make good fodder for my first entry – topic of my choosing – for Week 8 of my EDTECH537 – Blogging In The Classroom course.  So here is the list and the specific references that I have for them.

Private Online Schools

Full-Time, Public Online Schools

Supplemental Online Schools

For-Profit Content Provider


Laurel Springs School (Barbour, 2011)


Choice 2000 (Darrow, 2010)

Utah Electronic High School (Clark, 2003)


Christa McAuliffe Academy (Clark, 2001)


Apex Learning (Clark, 2001)

Basehor-Linwood Virtual Charter School – Kansas (Clark, 2000, Clark, 2001)

Florida Virtual School (Friend & Johnston, 2005)

Virtual High School Global Consortium (Pape, Adams, & Ribeiro, 2005)


Alabama Online High School (Clark, 2001) (Clark, 2000)

University of California UC College Prep Initiative (Clark, 2001; Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

University of Nebraska Independent Study High School Online Diploma Program (Clark, 2000)


Arkansas Virtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Hawaii E-School (Clark, 2001)

Kentucky Virtual High School (Clark, 2000)

Louisiana Virtual Classroom (Clark, 2001)

North Dakota Division of Independent Study (Clark, 2001)

West Virginia Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Pre-2000 (first referenced in a 2000 publication, but could have began operating earlier)

Babbage Net School (Clark, 2000)

Internet Academy – Federal Way, Washington Public Schools (Clark, 2000)

Mindquest – Bloomington, Minnesota Public Schools (Clark, 2000)

ZipStar Academy (Clark, 2000)


Hawaii E-Charter (Clark, 2001)

Idaho Virtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Illinois Virtual High School (Clark, 2000)

Pennsylvania Virtual Charter School (Clark, 2001; Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Michigan Virtual High School (Clark, 2000)

New Mexico Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Wisconsin Virtual School (Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Pre-2001 (first referenced in a 2001 publication, but could have began operating earlier)

Abbington Hill School (Clark, 2001)

Academic Systems (Clark, 2001)

Alpha-Omega Academy On (Clark, 2001)

Birdville Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Brigham Young University Independent Study (Clark, 2001)

CAL Online – Clovis Unified Schools, CA (Clark, 2001)

ChildU – Weston, FL (Clark, 2001)

Clintondale Virtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Clonlara Compuhigh (Clark, 2001)

Compuhigh Online High School (Clark, 2001)

Cumberland County Schools Web Academy (Clark, 2001)

Cyberschool – Lane County Schools, Eugene, OR (Clark, 2001)

Delta Cyber School (Clark, 2001)

Dennison On-Line Internet School (Clark, 2001)

Duncanville Independent School District’s Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

eBranch – Spring Branch Independent School District (Clark, 2001)

eEducation (Clark, 2001)

eSchool – Plano Independent School District (Clark, 2001)

Eldorado Academy (Clark, 2001)

Electronic Charter School (Clark, 2001)

Electronic Classroom of Tomorrow (Clark, 2001)

Evergreen Internet Academy (Clark, 2001)

Francis Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Garden Schools – Branson, MO (Clark, 2001)

Gwinnett County Online Campus (Clark, 2001)

Houston Independent School District’s Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

Indiana University High School (Clark, 2001)

Intelligent Education, Inc. (Clark, 2001)

International High School (Clark, 2001)

Internet Home School.Com – Prescott, AZ (Clark, 2001)

JeffcoNet Academy (Clark, 2001)

Juneau Cyber School (Clark, 2001)

KeystoneVirtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Lancaster-Lebanon Intermediate Unit 13 – Pennsylvania (Clark, 2001)

Monte Vista On-line Academy (Clark, 2001)

Minnesota Distance Learning Academy (Clark, 2001)

NCS Learn (Clark, 2001)

NetSchool – Hillsboro Schools, OR (Clark, 2001)

Northwest Cyberschool (Clark, 2001)

Oak Meadow Online School (Clark, 2001)

Oakland Virtual Connection (Clark, 2001)

Odyssey Charter School (Clark, 2001)

Oklahoma State University Extension, K12 Distance Learning Academy (Clark, 2001)

Regina Coeli Academy (Clark, 2001)

Rock Hill School District #3 Virtual High School (Clark, 2001)

Salem-Keizer Online (Clark, 2001)

Scholar Classical Tutorials (Clark, 2001)

Scholars’ Online Academy – Tucson, AZ (Clark, 2001)

SeeUonline – Matanuska-Susitna Schools, Palmer, AK (Clark, 2001)

Southern Oregon Online School (Clark, 2001)

Southwest Missouri State University eHighSchool (Clark, 2001)

Spring (Texas) Independent School District’s eBranch (Clark, 2001)

Stanford University, Education Program for Gifted Youth (Clark, 2001)

Sycamore Tree Online (Clark, 2001)

Texas Virtual School (Clark, 2001)

The Einstein Academy Charter School (Clark, 2001)

The Potter’s School (Clark, 2001)

The Trent Schools – Bloomington, IN (Clark, 2001)

University of Missouri-Columbia High School (Clark, 2001)

University of Texas High School (Clark, 2001)

Vilas Interactive Long Distance Alternative School

Virtual Greenbush – Kansas (Clark, 2001)

Virtual School @ Liverpool (Clark, 2001)

Virtual High School @ Prince William County Schools (Clark, 2001)

Western Pennsylvania Cyber Charter School (Clark, 2001)

Willoway Cybershool (Clark, 2001)

WISE Internet High School – Richard Milburn School (Clark, 2001)


Colorado Online Learning (Clark, 2001)

Idaho Digital Learning Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Maryland Virtual Learning Community (Clark, 2001)


Virtual Schools Pilot – Texas (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Pre-2004 (first referenced in a 2004 publication, but could have began operating earlier)

Connections Academy program (x2) – Colorado (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Connections Academy program – Wisconsin (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Florida Connections Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Florida Virtual Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Idaho Leadership Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Idaho Virtual Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Idaho Virtual High School (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

K12, Inc. program (x3) – California (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

K12, Inc program – Colorado (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

K12, Inc program – Wisconsin (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Large Unit District Association – Illinois (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Ohio Virtual Academy (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

TRECA – Ohio (Watson, Winograd, & Kalmon, 2004)

Note that I stopped with 2004, as that takes us up to the first Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning publication.


Barbour, M. K. (2011a). The promise and the reality: Exploring virtual schooling in rural jurisdictions. Education in Rural Australia, 21(1), 1-20.

Clark, T. (2000). Virtual high schools: State of the states – A study of virtual high school planning and preparation in the United States. Center for the Application of InformationTechnologies, Western Illinois University. Retrieved from

Clark, T. (2001). Virtual schools: Trends and issues – A study of virtual schools in the United States. San Francisco, CA: Western Regional Educational Laboratories. Retrieved from

Darrow, Rob (2010). A comparative study between online charter high schools and traditional high schools in California. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, California State University, Fresno, CA.  Retrieved from

Watson, J. F., Winograd, K., & Kalmon, S. (2004). Keeping pace with K–12 online learning: A snapshot of state-level policy and practice. Naperville, IL: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory. Retrieved from

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